How accurate are adults at recalling TBI events that occurred in childhood?


Childhood is a time of exploration and play which often leads to injury. Unfortunately, traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one type of injury that occurs frequently during childhood and early adulthood, and has been associated with several negative outcomes including increased risk of drug abuse, disorders of mental health and criminal offending. Identification of life time history TBI in at risk populations is important for effective rehabilitation but frequently relies on self-report. Unfortunately, there is little information regarding the accuracy of self-report. This study examines the accuracy of adult self-report (35-year-old) for lifetime recall of TBI that had occurred 19-35 previously. Approximately 2/3rds of the TBI events with LOC were recalled. However, if the injury occurred when the child was under 4 years of age they were less likely to be recalled. Further, there were many false recollections. This study provides information on the accuracy of self-reported TBI and emphases the importance of using appropriate screening measures.

Audrey McKinlay, PhD; John D. Corrigan, PhD; Jennifer A. Bogner, PhD; L. John Horwood, MSc Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation. "(2017)Vol. 32, No. 6, pp. E24–E28 Original Photo by Lukas from Pexels "


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